7月18日四大证券报头版头条内容精华摘要

三分彩开奖结果

2018-07-26

据公司发布的2016年年报,公司去年实现净利润为193.4万元,母公司实现净利润为-223.4426万元,提取10%法定盈余公积金0元,加年初未分配利润2847.7万元,2016年度可供股东分配的利润为3041.1万元。21日晚,由北京师范大学新闻与传播学院、中国人民大学新闻与社会发展研究中心联合《今日头条》举办的“京师中国传媒智库发布”第八期之《2017全国“两会”舆情热点、社会认知与情感分布》报告发布会在北京师范大学举行。如果朴槿惠没有问题,在野党、韩国国会、宪法法院、韩国检方不可能步调一致给朴槿惠过不去。

ZongQinghou,chairmanofHangzhouWahahaGroupCoLtd.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]"Israelicompaniesarepleasedtoselltheirtechnologiesbecausetheirhomemarketisrelativelysmall,"saidZong.HesaidthecompanyisseekingrobottechnologiesfromIsraelforitsnewfactorysettobebuiltinLin"aninEastChina"sZhejiangprovince.Wahahahasbeeninvolvedintheresearchanddevelopmentofrobotssince2011.Ithasdevelopedindustrialrobots,whichareusedforpackaging,palletizingandproductionmaterialdelivery.Attheendof2015,Wahahahad30industrialrobotsinitsownfactories.In2016,another100willbeputintooperation.AccordingtodatafromIVCResearchCenter,Chineseinvestorsinvested$500millioninIsraelistartupsin2015.Chineseinvestorsalsoinvested$1billioninIsraeliventurecapitalfundsin2016,up18percentyear-on-year.TheChineseandIsraeligovernmentsareworkingcloselytoestablishatop-levelmechanismforcooperationbetweencompaniesinthetwonations.MinisterofScienceandTechnologyWanGangsaidonMondaythatChinaandIsraelhadagreedtodeepencooperationininnovation.TheChina-IsraelJointCommitteeonInnovationCooperationhasplayedanimportantroleinguidingtheinnovationdevelopmentbetweenthetwonations,saidWan.HeaddedChineseVice-PremierLiuYandongandIsraeliPrimeMinisterBenjaminNetanyahuwouldattendthethirdmeetingoftheChina-IsraelJointCommitteeonInnovationCooperationonTuesdayinBeijing.AccordingtoWan,ChinahasbeenIsrael"slargesttradepartnerinAsiaandSino-Israelitradewillcontinuetohavebrightfutureprospects.NetanyahusaidonMondaythatIsraelisa"technologicalglobalpower"andaspirestobe"theperfectjuniorpartner"toChineseinvestors.Hesaidtherearehugeopportunitiesinsectorssuchascybersecurity,automotivetechnologyanddataforChineseandIsraelicompanies.OnMonday,Netanyahumetthechiefsof11largecompanies,includingJackMa,chairmanofAlibabaGroupHoldingLtd,LiuChuanzhi,chairmanofLenovoGroupLtd,WangJianlin,chairmanofDalianWandaGroupCoandZongQinghou,chairmanofHangzhouWahahaGroup.排位赛第六轮,中国队将与丹麦队交锋,丹麦队以5比6遗憾输给捷克队,4比7不敌瑞典队,4比12被瑞士队横扫,7比8一分之差输给了韩国队,紧跟着2比7不敌苏格兰队,上一轮遗憾输给了美国队,是12支队伍中唯一没有胜绩的球队。随后汪小菲删除了该微博。

”汪玉凯说。”盈灿咨询分析师张叶霞表示,一些平台可能够不上银行存管标准而退出,也有一些因为无法转型成为小额借贷而退出。  小女孩的父亲说:我收集蟒蛇并进行蟒蛇繁殖,既是一种爱好,也能卖了赚钱,真是一举两得。

不管文化的消费,还是文化的创造,现在都非常的容易。因为周一到周五的晚上会熄灯,所以学生们整体上能够准时就寝,也比较安静,熬夜是个别的情况。植保无人机引围观。

此次论坛以“美丽中国,绿色先行”为主旨,围绕“生态空间、生态经济、生态环境、生态生活、生态制度、生态文化”等方面的议题,汇总成绩、集中众智,共同探讨绿色发展和生态建设方向,对提升绿色发展水平,构建经济、社会和环境协同发展体系,实现生态可持续发展的目标做出新的更大的贡献。3月22日上午,中铁一局办公室工作人员对澎湃新闻称:我们已将奥凯电缆公司列为不合格名录,所有涉及到的全部更换。截至今年2月,杨浦区检察院已分四批次起诉,已有41人获法院判决,最终刑罚从有期徒刑6个月(缓刑1年)至有期徒刑8年,并处罚金人民币2万元至30万元不等。

在,ApplePay推出伊始就麻烦不断,有些消费者在iPhone上注册时遇到麻烦。不过,辽宁舰已经形成了初始作战能力,护卫保障系统雏形已具,若发生战争,完全可以上阵迎战,只不过飞机数量偏少、持续作战能力尚不是很强。在某些发达国家的某些领导者和精英份子眼中,如果拥有14亿人口的中国人民均过上美国当前这样的生活水平和消费模式,地球的资源显然是不能够“承担”的。

中国的数字化支付市场正迅速扩大,如今已是的50倍。  从近两天的整体表现来看,美图公司3月20日和21日累计下跌19.11%,市值蒸发145亿港元。虽然之后,日本防卫省官员又改口说并无计划在南海‘巡航’,但目前看来,日本防卫省还是有计划酝酿此事。

她在墙上凿了很多洞,透过空洞看到的内部有一种窥探的快感。而对于改变募资用途的影响,挂牌企业通常以未对公司经营产生不良影响轻描淡写一笔带过。当然传承也要求专业。

KUALALUMPUR—China"se-commercegiantAlibabaonWednesdayannouncedaplantosetupane-commercehubinMalaysiaencompassinglogistics,cloud-computingande-financialservice.Thee-commercehubwillbepartofthecollaborationbetweenAlibabaandtheMalaysiangovernmentinthedevelopmentofaDigitalFreeTradeZone(DFTZ)inMalaysiainlinewiththeElectronicWorldTradePlatform(eWTP)promotedbyJackMa,Alibaba"sexecutivechairman.InlaunchingtheDFTZwithMalaysianPrimeMinisterNajibRazak,Masaidthefirstoversease-hubwouldbeaimedatempoweringsmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)aswellastheyoungergeneration.AmongthecooperationannouncedonWednesday,Alibaba"slogisticplatformCainiaoanditse-commercewebsiteLazadawillleadotherAlibaba"ssubsidiariesandaffiliatestodevelopmentofaregionale-commerceandlogisticshubneartheKualaLumpurInternationalAirport.AlibabaCloud,itscloudcomputingarm,willbuildacloudplatforminMalaysiatofosterthelocalSMEs,whileAntFinancialinkedanagreementwithMalaysia"sleadingbanksCIMBandMaybanktoexplorecollaborationopportunitiesine-paymentandfinancingservicesinMalaysia.目前,全国已有21个省(区、市)、158多个地市设立旅游发展委员会。3月17日,春风和煦,阳光照耀在生机勃勃龙江大地上,在奋发进取的龙江人中,广大女性巾帼不让须眉。

AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.2009年10月,董金河利用职务便利,在其他班子成员不知情的情况下,擅自将800万元暂借款直接打入众邦公司账户作为其个人在众邦公司的股本金入股华润雪花。市医务工会组织专家对申报项目进行初审,确定了33个项目进入随后的跟踪采访环节。

外交部发言人华春莹:半岛核问题由来已久、错综复杂,其症结在于朝鲜与美韩之间的矛盾,以及彼此间根深蒂固的敌对和互不信任。各级文物部门要全面贯彻党的十八大和十八届三中、四中、五中、六中全会精神,深入贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话特别是关于文物工作重要指示批示精神,牢固树立创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念和保护文物也是政绩的科学理念,全面落实《国务院关于进一步加强文物工作的指导意见》《关于实施中华优秀传统文化传承发展工程的意见》,不辱使命,守土尽责,努力走出一条符合国情的文物保护利用之路,为不断增强中华优秀传统文化的生命力和影响力、实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦作出更大贡献。阅读更多内容请参见今日出版的《环球时报》或下载登录新版环球TIME客户端。

,thetravelplanningandbookingwebsite,hasnamedBaliastheglobalwinnerofits2017TravelersChoiceAwardsfordestinations.Wereexcitedtorevealourcommunitysfavoritetraveldestinationsfor2017andrecognizetheseiconicplaceswithTravelersChoiceawards,saidBarbaraMessing,chiefmarketingofficerforTripAdvisorina.Awardwinnersweredeterminedusinganalgorithmthattookintoaccountthequantityandqualityofreviewsandratingsforhotels,restaurantsandattractionsacrossdestinationsworldwide,gatheredovera12-monthperiod.Theawardshonor418outstandingdestinationsin24listsacrosstheglobe.(Readalso:)NewYorkCity,meanwhile,ranksnumberoneintheUSfortheseventhconsecutiveyear.HereisthecompleteoftravelersdestinationchoiceaccordingtoTripAdvisor:当前,中国正站在新的历史起点上,这不仅标志着中国社会的巨大进步,而且意味着中国发展面临新的问题和挑战。一般痒的不厉害,6-8周可以自愈,也有人会持续数月到半年。

SouthKorea"soustedleaderParkGeun-hyeleavesaprosecutor"sofficeinSeoul,SouthKorea,March22,2017.[Photo/Agencies]SEOUL-SouthKoreanprosecutorsendedamarathoninterrogationofoustedPresidentParkGeun-hyelateonTuesdaynightoveracorruptionscandalthatledtoherimpeachment.The14-hour-longquestioningcametoanendatabout11:40pmlocaltime(1440GMT)asParkappearedintheSeoulCentralDistrictProsecutors"Officetobequestionedovertheinfluence-peddlingscandal.SohnBum-kyu,oneofPark"slegalteam,saidviatextmessagethatitwouldtakeabouttwohourstoconfirmthetestimonyParkhadgiventotheprosecutors.ParkisexpectedtoreturnaftermidnighttoherprivatehomeinasoutherndistrictofSeoul,whereshehasstayedsincesheleftthepresidentialBlueHouseonMarch12.Atpresent,theprosecutorsarereportedlyrulingoutapossibilitytoseektoarrestPark.OnMarch10,theconstitutionalcourtpermanentlyremovedParkfromofficebyunanimouslyupholdingthebilltoimpeachParkthatwaspassedintheparliamentonDec9.Sincethepassageoftheimpeachment,Parkhadvowedtobeinterrogatedbybothstateandspecialprosecutors,butsheeventuallydismissedtherequestsforquestioningbybothofthem,citingvariousreasons.Parkhadimmunityfromcriminalindictmentwhileinoffice,butshehaslostitassheisnowaprivatecivilian.ParkbecamethefourthSouthKoreanformerpresidenttobequestionedbyprosecutors.”“每一个字都说到了我的心坎里,早听到如此师训,我想我会有更大的进步……”网友“国丹”发表如此感慨。还在看?快去买啦~牛仔裤仔裤牛仔时髦搭配范爷胖迪衬衫白百何

但这对买房人来说,则存在后续落户、交易等方面的巨大风险。@蘑菇汤:现在同质化节目太多,不好看才是我们观众关心的问题吧!@来自星星的我:工资是市场给的,节目好看我们才买账。《联合报》称,将总督府视为民族的奇耻大辱,目前只保留尖塔部分,放在天安市郊外的独立纪念馆。

3月17日,上海市教育考试院公布了《上海市2017年普通高等学校招生志愿填报与投档录取实施办法》(以下简称“实施办法”)。冬季养肾为重,调养脾胃为辅,冬季怎么养脾胃呢1、注意保暖,起居规律注意保暖:尤其是对肩颈部、脚部等容易受凉的部位要更加呵护。习近平:(画外音)人民对美好生活的向往就是我们的奋斗目标。

3月20日,当美图市值突破900亿港元时,美图董事长蔡文胜曾发朋友圈称“美图已成为福建民营企业市值最高公司”。  卫星网22日报道援引不愿透露姓名的官员的话称,美国军方认为朝鲜可能于近几日进行新的导弹发射。同时,建立微信智能应答、在线人工客服和一键呼叫12308热线三级求助机制,方便在海外的中国公民根据自身情况选择最合理恰当的求助方式。

台盟重庆市委会主委李钺锋非常重视台湾青年创业基地的作用。还在看?快去买啦~牛仔裤仔裤牛仔时髦搭配范爷胖迪衬衫白百何  3月17日,四川省委召开常委会(扩大)会议,审议通过四川省学习贯彻习近平总书记重要讲话工作方案。

当日清晨,霍尔果斯市降下了一场春雪,虽有寒意,但难挡民众迎春的热情。中国网总编辑王晓辉向中国贸促会副会长、2019北京世园会政府总代表王锦珍介绍中国网情况。要在前进中克服困难,解决问题,继续前进。

发布会上,来自巴基斯坦、缅甸、斯里兰卡三国的驻华大使对蓝迪国际智库报告的出版也给予了高度评价,并就各国与中国共同建设“一带一路”开展深入讨论。  上市公司分红也是拼了。在会谈中,越方向韩方寻求在南海争端议题上的支持。

以方愿积极参与“一带一路”框架下基础设施等合作。Thegovernmentplanstospendmoreonvocationaleducationtoimprovetheexpertiseandskillsofhighschoolgraduatesfromvocationalschools.DeputyFinanceMinisterMardiasmosaidinJakartaonTuesdaythatfundingfortheimprovementofvocationaleducationwouldbepartofoveralleducationalexpenditure,whichwasexpectedtoaccountforabout20percentoftotalstatespendingnextyear.Nodetailswereimmediatelyavailableregardingthefigure,butthisyearsstatebudgetputseducationexpenditureatRp416.1trillion(US$31.27billion),20percentofstatespending.(Readalso:)Atpresent,highschoolgraduatesfacedifficultiessecuringjobsbecausewhiletheymaybepreparedtoenteruniversity,manyofthemdonothavethechancetoundertakehighereducation.Atthesametime,thesestudentsdonothaveaspecificexpertisetoenterthejobmarket,Mardiasmosaidduringaspeechatarecenteducationconference.Hence,agapexistsbetweentheeducationsectorandthejobmarket.Inordertopromoteequalityineducationandtheworkforce,thegovernmentplanstolinkeducationwithjobmarketexpectationsthroughalinkandmatchprogramtobeintroducedaspartofitsequitableeconomicpolicy,Mardiasmosaid.Usingtheallocatedbudget,thegovernmentwantstoprovidephysicalinfrastructureandqualityteachers,improvestudentscapacitytolearn,andlinkeducationwithemploymentopportunities,headded.(ecn)(tas)AnissaKermiche订书钉造型耳夹,654欧元。

解说:事实证明,半城郊型经济发展之路对于正定来说是正确的道路,是一个可持续性发展之路。  路透社称,MNDAA本月与缅甸政府军再次发生冲突,已造成超过2万人到中国避难。我们要对作风之弊、行为之垢来一次大排查、大检修、大扫除。

迄今为止,在伊朗高原并未发现青金石矿。  据《卫报》网站3月20日报道,在哈泼-柯林斯出版公司与上海一家出版社达成了对教材进行翻译以供英国学校使用的历史性协议之后,英国的学生也许很快就能使用教科书学习数学了。  中国网财经记者注意到,在美图公司股价上演“过山车”之前,其实已经连续11天上涨,区间累计涨幅高达80.54%,而刺激其股价上涨的原因,则主要是“被纳入了港股通标的”。

2015年,南京证券采取的是与进行的方式,但最终因南纺股份财务上存有黑历史无果而终。有时来看病时下雨,他还特意嘱咐我带好伞,说感冒也会影响我的视力。”据HTT公司提供的一个展示视频显示,列车的窗户可以展示轨道外的“真实”世界,以展现列车本身的高速。

网贷之家的数据显示,正常运营平台数量出现了大幅度下降,截至2016年底,正常运营平台数量下降为2448家,2017年2月底更是进一步下降至2335家。中国首艘国产航母将于2017年完工,第二艘或将于2021年完工,而且其排水量将更大,达到8.5万吨。ComophototakenonMarch19,2017showsgoldeningotandjewelleriesunearthedduringanarchaeologicalexcavationatPengshandistrictunderMeishancity,SouthwestChina"sSichuanprovince.Morethan10,000goldandsilveritemsthatsanktothebottomofariverinSichuanprovinceover300yearsagohavebeenrecovered,archeologistssaidMonday.Theitemsincludedalargeamountofgold,silverandbronzecoinsandjewelryaswellasironweaponssuchasswords,knifesandspears.[Photo/Xinhua]

青金之路经上述两路抵达两河流域后,再经水路穿越地中海,或经陆路横穿西奈半岛,直达埃及和努比亚地区(今苏丹),全程5000多公里。作品是在广州三育路14号建筑内制作的,这栋建筑的历史特别曲折,作品包括艺术家用文字对建筑作的文字描述、以照片展示建筑外貌,展示不同的商业改建方案,最终的方案选择了广州“博尔赫斯”书店的改建装修方案和广东“丰收”集团公司与徐坦合作提出的“发廊”方案,这一系列过程被艺术家以文稿、照片、文献、装置等方式呈现出来,还包括相关方案的平面图、效果图。1982年,都江堰被中华人民共和国国务院公布为第二批全国重点文物保护单位之一。

从那以后,原本被锁在日本核电站里的放射性物质铯和碘就顺着空气和水进入了地球的生态圈和食物链。5、香菇可以补脾胃,益气。  赵德润:最后这个,国家给减掉了2800万斤。

”王女士预订的是国航机票,她随后登录国航官网查看,发现某旅游网站上的机票价格比国航官网上的价格贵了60元,“而且,国航官网上并没有什么赠送酒店券的信息。“当我们在美国看到中国科学家将主导第三次南海大洋钻探的消息后,非常兴奋,第一时间提交了申请,希望能为祖国的南海研究尽点微薄之力。一是从今年开始,表外理财将被正式纳入MPA的广义信贷测算范围,鉴于去年银行理财规模普遍增长较快,且年初银行放贷意愿强,到一季度末部分银行可能面临广义信贷增速超标压力。

中国网是国务院新闻办领导的国家重点新闻网站,是对外交流宣传交流的官方门户...YetonSunday,somevisitorstotheparkphotographedmembersofafamilygettingofftheircar,notoncebuttwiceinsidethepark.Witnessessaythefamilyincludedatleastonecouple,aseniorcitizenandtwochildren.Attheinterventionoftheguards,theygotbackintothecarbutonlytogetoffagainandbeingforcedtogetintotheircarasecondtime.AlthoughtheparkannouncedonMondaythatitcanprotectvisitorsfromanyattackbecausetheanimalsaresegregated,thefamily"smovewasstilldangerousasthesecuritysystemisnot100percentfoolproof.What"sworse,theyinviteddangersasvisitorswerebannedfromgettingoffcarsonroadsforfearoftrafficaccidents.Theincidentsparkedfiercediscussionsonline,andmanynetizenscomparedittotwopreviousincidents.OnJuly23lastyear,awomansurnamedZhaowhogotoffhercarintheBadalingWildlifeParkwasdraggedawaybyatiger.Shewasmauledandseriouslyinjuredbythetiger,andhermotherdiedtryingtosaveher.OnJan19thisyear,amanclimbedoverawalltoenterthetigers"enclaveinYoungorZooinNingbo,EastChina"sZhejiangprovince.Themanwaskilledbythetigers,andoneofthetigerswasshotdeadduringtheoperationtorescuehim.Intheprevioustwotragedies,manypeoplesurprisinglydidn"tshowsympathyfortherule-breakers.Andthosenetizensthatcriticizedtherule-breakerssayingtherule-breakersdeservetobepunishedsparkedheateddebates.It"stime,however,thatChinesepeoplekeptinmindtheimportanceofobeyingrules.Whatmanypeopleforgetisthefactthatrule-breakersareanunnecessaryburdenonsociety.Topreventpeoplefromrepeatingthefatalmistakesofthevisitorsofsomevisitors,thewildlifeparkhastopostinnumerableguardsalongtheroads,whichinturnincreasesthepriceoftickets.Inotherwords,ordinaryvisitorshavetopayforthewrongdoingsofafewrule-breakers.Infact,manyadministrativemovesarenecessitatedtopreventafewfrombreakingrules.Mostpeoplepayforthemetroridestheytake.Still,everyonehastogothroughticket-checkingmachinesbecauseafewdonotpaythefare.Thismeansallpassengershavetopayfortheticket-checkingmachinesjustbecausesomecommutersbreaktherules.AftertheTempleofHeavenParkinBeijingstartedprovidingfreetissuepapersinitspublictoiletsaweekago,somemediareportssaidsomevisitorswereseentakinglargenumbersoftissuepapers.Todealwiththeproblem,theparkinstalledamachineinallthetoiletsinsidetheparkovertheweekend,andeveryonehastopassavideotesttogetacertainnumberoftissuepapers.Eveninthiscase,rule-breakers,whoarefewinnumber,haveincreasedthefinancialandsocialcostforall.Onlywhentherelatedauthoritiesdeviseamechanismtocompeltherule-breakerstopayfortheincreaseinmaintenanceandsecuritycostscantheyhelppeoplebetterunderstandtheimportanceofobeyingrules.TheauthorisawriterwithChinaDaily.zhangzhouxiang@chinadaily.com.cn现代化问题。